I would like to correspond with anyone who might have information about the Watsons of Craven, Lenoir and Jones Counties of North Carolina.
I’m a descendant of Eli J. COX of Craven/Lenoir County border area, and he had three, possibly four wives over the course of his life.
I descend from his last wife, Nancy Catherine WATSON.
Her children with Eli were:
- Thomas Charlton Cox – 1878 – 1941 (my 2nd great-grandfather) m. Nannie Redden WOOD
- Andrew Cox – 1881 – 1942 m. Rosa JONES
- Nannie Cox – 1882 – 1963 m. Jackson JONES, Sim JONES
- Edward Cox – 1889 – 1974 m. Nora COX (She was also a COX from Pitt Co.)
Eli had at least two other wives previously. His children with them are as follows:
First (or Second) wife, Nancy (possibly MOYE) – b. abt 1810:
- George Cox – 1842 – unknown
Nancy (MOYE?) also had two other children by a previous marriage to a man by the last name of WATSON. They were Eli’s step-daughters:
- Sarah Moye WATSON – b. aft 1830 (What became of her? Does she become Eli’s next wife?!)
- Louisa Ann WATSON – b. abt 1832 – d. aft 1880; m. William PHILLIPS
Second (or Third) wife, Sarah Ann M. (?) – b. abt 1835
- Louis Cox – 1859 –? (no further records after 1860 census)
- Delia/Devie Ann Cox – 1861 – 1920 m. Noah Lafayette AVERY
- Celia Enna Cox – 1864 – 1932 m. Benjamin COOK
- Eli Cox, Jr. – 1871 – 1926 (I don’t know if he had a wife)
- Ambrose B. Cox – 1872 – 1914 m. Siddie F. DAUGHERTY
- Teresa “Treacy” Cox – 1873 – 1953 m. Ambrose JONES
A lot of people also think that Treacy COX was a daughter of Nancy, because she’s listed as Treacy’s mother on her death certificate, but a little later, I’ll explain why that’s not likely.
[In 1840, Eli Cox does appear in Kinston, Lenoir County, North Carolina on the Federal Census in a household with one man aged 20-29 (himself), two boys under age five, a girl under age 5 and a woman aged 20-29. Unfortunately, we may never know whether or not that was a wife and two children of his own, or if they were a sister and her children.]
Eli & Nancy: Winter-Summer romance, or a marriage of convenience?
There is a lot of conflicting birth year data for Nancy Catherine WATSON.
Eli and Nancy’s marriage record, dated 6 MARCH 1874 lists her age as 18, and Eli’s age as 59. (No, that’s not a typo. He was nearly 60-years-old marrying a teenager.)
It gets worse, though, because if she’s who I *think* she is, she really would’ve only been about 13 or 14 when she married old Eli.
Wanted: Spring chicken to help local widower with six children whose mother recently met an untimely end.
Just six months prior to Eli marrying Nancy, his previous wife, Sarah Ann M. (last name unknown, though I have an idea) died in a tragic accident, which was reported in the Wilmington Morning Star on Saturday, September 27, 1873 (originally printed in the Kinston Gazette):
Ok, first of all, I didn’t realize one could dislocate their neck from tripping and falling, but that aside, Sarah Ann M. COX had only just given birth to her daughter, Treacy COX, just six months earlier in March 1873.
I can imagine old Eli was at a complete loss for how to care for six children on his own, particularly when three of them were under the age of three.
He obviously exhibited his preference for a young, unencumbered, childless bride to care for his babies when he married Nancy Catherine Watson.
But who was she? Who were her parents? And how old was she really?
Right now, I’m leaning towards Nancy’s parents being George WATSON and his wife, Mary TULL. But I welcome anyone to prove me wrong on this.
Census records raise questions
In 1840, Eli J. Cox is living right between Joel WATSON and George WATSON (the older) in Kinston District, Lenoir County, North Carolina.
In 1850, Eli and his first (or possibly second) wife, also named Nancy (possibly MOYE), were living right next to Pency (PHILLIPS) WATSON, widow of Joel WATSON, with several children including a 14-year-old George.
In 1860, Eli shows up with his next wife, the tragic Sarah, in Russels district of Craven County, and a now-married George is living with his young wife, Mary, and their small children in Kinston.
I haven’t yet been able to locate Eli J. COX in the 1870 census, but if I had, I wonder if I’d find him living in the same neighborhood as George and Mary (TULL) WATSON.
In November 1870, Eli and his then wife Sarah Ann M. COX sell land to George WATSON (presumably the younger, the husband of Mary TULL and possible father of Nancy Catherine WATSON):
1870 – November 3 – Eli COX and wife, Sarah Ann M. COX to George WATSON, all of the COUNTY OF CRAVEN – $125 for 125 acres on east side of Moseley’s Creek, bounded by Snake Hole Branch and Hog Pen Branch.
By 1880, however, when Eli is married to Nancy Catherine WATSON, Eli and George are living in very close proximity again — this time in Township 9 of Craven County. They are only about six houses apart in a with 65 pages, but depending on how the census taker went from house to house, that could’ve been across the street, or even a couple of doors down.
And to make things even more interesting, Eli and Nancy’s next door neighbors in 1880 are Jane (TULL) WATSON (widow of Bryant WATSON) and her son, William Henry WATSON. Jane may be the sister of Mary TULL, wife of George WATSON. According to that 1880 census, Jane has debilitating health issues. Her census listing has the box checked for “Maimed, crippled, bedridden or otherwise disabled.”
Here’s the thing: If Nancy Catherine WATSON is the daughter of George and Mary WATSON, then she was born in May 1860.
How do I know that?
Because the 1860 census lists the age of Pency C. WATSON, the only person in a three-county radius who could even plausibly be Nancy Catherine WATSON, as 2/12, which means two months old, not two-years-old. Granted, she might’ve been a few months older, but the point is, the census taker obviously wouldn’t have confused an infant for a toddler.
That means, in March of 1874, she’d be about 14-years-old, if that. We can only speculate, but maybe, just maybe, old Eli didn’t expect her to engage in marital relations until she was older, as she doesn’t give birth to her first child, my great-great-grandfather Thomas Charlton COX, until the day after Christmas 1878. (Math tells us that he would’ve been conceived around the time of Eli and Nancy’s four-year anniversary. She’d have been about 18-years-old then.)
Data on Nancy’s Date of Birth
- 1860 – IF Nancy Catherine WATSON is, in fact, the Pency C. WATSON in George WATSON’s household, then she was just a few months old when the census taker came around, meaning her birth year was 1860.
- 1874 – Her age is given as 18 on marriage license, meaning she’d have been born in 1856.
- 1880 – The census record lists Nancy’s age as 27, which would’ve meant she was born about 1853, which is three full years earlier than the date that’s given on the marriage license.
- 1900 – The census lists Nancy’s age as 40, and has her date of birth as Jan (or Jun) 1860.
- 1910 – The census lists Nancy’s age as 45, making her birth year 1865.
- 1920 – Nancy’s age on the census is 65, aging her 20 years in just 10, and making her year of birth 1855.
- 1927 – On her death certificate, no birthdate is given (nor are her parents named), and her age is only given as “About 70,” meaning she would’ve been born “about 1857.”
My guess is that Nancy is George’s daughter and that she was born in 1860. They may have lied about her age in 1874, saying she was 18 so that she could marry Eli without her parents having to get involved.
I think someone lied again to the census taker in 1880. Either that, or the census taker saw poor Nancy and thought she looked like a ripe, old 27 at age 20.
I think in 1900, once Eli was dead, Nancy was head of the household, and so for the first time, she was able to give her real age, which she listed as 40 and her being born in 1860 (which matches that census of 1860 in George WATSON’s house).
I have no explanation for why her birth year was given as it was in 1910, but in 1920, the age was closer to what would’ve matched the marriage record.
When she died, one of her youngest sons — either Milton or Melcher — was the informant, and he didn’t know her exact age, or date of birth, or her parents names. Then again, her parents were dead by the time he was born, and he didn’t know who they were.
Will DNA testing solve the mystery, or does someone already have the answers?
I’d love to get some other COX cousins, as well as some descendants of George WATSON and Mary TULL through their other children to take FamilyFinder tests. Maybe we’ll find matches and solve this mystery once and for all.
If you’d like to see the research on these families as I currently have it, please visit my tree at Ancestry.com. (The username is eastcarolinaroots.)
Then again, if anyone knows more information than what I have documented here, please add a comment using the box below, or if you prefer to send a private e-mail, use the contact form.